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A. H. Griesa Experimental Grounds
"THE PINES " LAWRENCE, KANSAS.]
The Douglas Pear
The introduction of this new fruit will be on its merits, as the need'
of a good fruit at this season of the year for table use is very decided.
The luscious peach is gone, grapes can be had only from distant markets;
and a pear that can be grown so very bountifully in any place where
any other pear will survive (and most of them fail in the west), will be
welcomed by all. It is a seedling of the "Keiffer" crossed by the
" Duchess d'Angeleme." It ripens just before the "Keiffer," is nearly
as large, of a beautiful yellow color, and fine in outline and shape.
The flesh is fine grained, juicy, rich, with a delicious flavor; it does not
seem to rot as it ripens and drop as the "Keiffer" does and hasn't the
hard gritty core, being good all through. It is named the "Douglas"
because it originated in this county. The original tree first bore fruit
in roo2, when it was shown at our County Horticultural Sociey, and
received favorable notice. I have seen fruit on the tree every year
since, except when the frost killed all fruit here. The old tree grew in
the same row with others till a few years ago, in a thick seedling row,
some of them crowding it; then I advised to cut out some near by, but
this was delayed till, in midsummer after a rain, the owner cut out some,
leaving the tree with its crop standing and exposed to the glaring sun.
Its leaves turned yellow and stopped growth till fall with the fruit de-
cidedly smaller; but the next year, it again grew and produced its crop
as usual. Most pear trees would have blighted or died under such
treatment. I never saw blight on the old tree nor any in nursery.
The old tree is 14 or 15 years old now and has fruited every year since
T902. The trees are good nursery trees, in growth about like the
"Flemish Beauty." They bud freely as does the "Keiffer/' but never
have been affected with twig blight like the latter. The "Douglas" is
an early and constant bearer. One year trees bloomed in nursery row,
but that was the year of frost; the next year over half of the limbs had
on blossom buds, but were cut off to transplant the trees; the next year
some of them fruited in the orchard, and they still continue to bear.
No other pear tree or apple tree is so fruitful. The fruit is nearly as
large as the "Keiffers, ripening just before it, at a time when peaches
are out of season, and when a juicy fruit is needed. The color is
golden yellow with rarely a pink shading, covered with small grav dots.
The fruit has a long stem, is mostly in clusters; the flesh is juicy,
buttery, and fine-grained, with refreshing sprightly flavor. I believe it
is the most promising fruit I ever grew; and it has a future that no
other fruit can or has filled.
A Few Opinions of people who ought to know, shows how they
regard it. Two years ago I sent samples by mail before they were ripe,
and advised to try them when fully ripe. From the quick responses,
they could not have waited. Their opinions were to the effect that it
was better than the "Keiffers," though not quite as good as the "An-
geleme," which is further evidence of their having sampled them be-
fore they were ripe. This year I was delayed by sickness; when able,
I took some to our grocers and our fruit men, whose commendations
were all one could ask, as the following will show:
J. L. Messenger: "They are certainly a good eating pear, better
than Bartlett, as refreshing as Coca Cola. They are worthy of cultiva-
W. A. Dunmire: " It is fine, better than Bartlett or Clairgo; a very
good pear for the retail trade."
F. W. Hosford: " Better than any Bartlett or Keiffer, exceeding
juicy and good."
Wm. La Coss: "That is a very fine pear, better than Bartlett or
even Seckel. Fine shape, best quality, full of juice; comes at a time
when they would sell."
John Hunzicker: "Certainly juicy, a good pear, better than
Bartlett, our best generally; no grit or hard lumps, good enough for
H. Hollingberry: "I always thought the Seckel the best pear
we had, but this is even better; more juicy, fine grained, and refresh-
W. A. Guenther: "Good, is better than the Bartlett, very fine
grained and juicy; all the clerks are agreed in its excellence "
Wm. J. Busch: "That is fine, very juicy and sprightly; never ate
any better pear."
Sam McCurdy: "As fine as any Bartlett, more juicy, and refresh-
ing flavor; also sure to sell."
John McCurdy: "It is certainly a fine pear, better than Bartlett
or Seckel and no gritty parts. Its size and color make it desirable in
J. A. Spaulding: "Far better than Keiffer, more juicy than Bart-
lett; a good color and size for retailing."
S. J. Hunter, Professor of Entomology, K. S. U.: "I have exam-
ined the pear A. H. Griesa has named the Douglas, after the county
in which it originated. This pear in shape, size and color resembles
the Keiffer; it differs markedly however, in texture and flavor. In text-
ure it is almost as fine as the Bartlett, and is remarkable for its entire
absence of the heavy wood core, so common in the Keiffer. In flavor
it mav be compared to the refreshing juicy taste of the Duchess. It is
noteworthy that such a pear should be produced at such a late season,
after all varieties of desirable pears have gone."
B. F. Smith, President, Douglas County Hort. Society: "A new
fruit of merit. The fruit man, who desires to keep in the front rank
of the great army of fruit growers, is ever on the alert for new and bet-
ter varieties than we have. Fruit perfection is not at hand as yet; but
improvement is being made along the line of orchard and berry fruits.
The industry is growing more interesting as the years go by, owing to
the profit and pleasure there is in the business. We are greatly in need
of a new sort of pear that is not subject, to blight. Pear culture has
fallen behind on account of this blighting of nearly all the old favorites;
as the Bartlett, Anjou, and others. Recently a new seedling has been
produced from Keiffer seed. It is about as large, ripens about the
same time; in flavor, to my taste, as good as the well know Bartlett.
The tree is a strong grower and begins to bear when three years old.
This pear will be introduced by A. H. Griesa, the originator of the
Kansas and Cardinal Raspberries, the Mele Strawberry, and other
fruits. Mr. Griesa has had many years of experience in testing new
fruits, and has never offered any new fruit that was unworthy or un-
profitable. It is the opinion of the writer, who has forty year's experi-
ence with growing pears, that this seedling will become famous as well
as profitable throughout the country."
I.J. Gray, Secretary, Douglas County Hort. Society: "The new
pear which you have developed by uniting a seedling Keiffer and
Duchess and naming it the Douglas, is indeed a production of the
highest merit. Its smooth exterior renders it attractive to the eye, and
the rind is much thinner than any variety with which I am acquainted.
Its flavor cannot fail to be pleasing and its juice is superabundant. The
length of its stem is favorable, and the core is the smallest I have ob-
served of any of its size. However, its chief excellence is in the fact
that it will come into bearing the next year after planting. That is
bound to make it a winner. You are to be congratulated."
A. Willis. Ottawa: "The pear you sent me was examined with
great interest. It seems to be a new fruit of great value. I am not
sure the length of time it has been in cultivation would give it full as-
surance of the continued excellence that is at present promised; but
surely the promise is good. The fruit is good sized, has a rich yellow
color and excellent flavor; a pear one would be glad to have as some-
thing nice to give to his friends. I shall be glad to watch this pear
with interest, and expect to find much pleasure in its future as time
W. P. Stark, Mo.: "In the Douglas we have another " Kansas,"
another "Cardinal," and another "Early Melon." We suggest you
name the "Douglas," "A. H. Griesa," because we believe the pear has
merit. In thus giving such promising variety to posterity, you are also
leaving a monument of a kind that will do people good, great good we
J, H. Skinner, Topeka : "We were very much pleased with the
sample of the Douglas pear, the quality is very good. We liked it par-
ticularly because it is more acid and sprightly than most pears. It is
fine grained and with little core. If the tree is thrifty and also a good
bearer, you have something worth introducing."
W. S. Griesa: " The Douglas seems to be a worthy new pear; one
that will make a place for itself. Ripening with the Keiffer and with
quality as good or better than Bartlett, are the two facts which should
commend it. Further it seems to be more blight proof than the former
which alone makes it more valuable. We wish you success in its in-
H. W. Collingwood, Editor: " The pear is certainly a beautiful
one in appearance and think the flavor first rate. I hope it will prove
a worthy son of its parent, the Keiffer, as I have always felt he needs
some good children of high character to take the curse away from the
H. W. Collingwood, Editor Rural New Yorker: The Rural New
Yorker, Jan. 21, 191 1 (Fig. 24), shows an excellent picture of this pear,
near natural size. "The quality was exceedingly good; flesh tender,
juicy, and melting; flavor is rich and sweet. It is a handsome pear;
and its general excellence seems to promise a great future, both for the
home and for market use."
Sandard Trees, 2 years, 4 feet and up, branched, each $3.00.
Write for conditions.